C&Cs 8-11-2016

W1siZiIsIjExNDc5OCJdLFsicCIsImNvbnZlcnQiLCItcmVzaXplIDIwMDB4MjAwMFx1MDAzZSJdXQ.jpgThis is Erich Heckel work Portrait of a Man (Männerbildnis)(1919).Department by drawings and prints .I can see a strong contrast colour .This gaunt self-portrait, made one year after the end of World War I, manifests a physical and spiritual weariness that was both personal and national.I think this is a good portrait although I don’t know this artist before .I think his work will influence me in my life drawing study .

Conrad Felixmüller

Self-Portrait (Selbstbildnis) (plate 24) from (German Printmakers of Our Time)1920 (print executed 1919) Department by drawing and prints .Deutsche Graphiker der Gegenwart (German printmakers of our time) brings together woodcuts, lithographs, and reproductions by thirty-one artists representing a cross-section of styles from Impressionism to Expressionism, uniting under a single cover works ranging from naturalistic self-portraits to left-wing political caricatures. It features works by artists associated with the Berlin Secession (an exhibiting society comprised primarily of German Impressionists), with Expressionist groups like the Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter, and with the political Novembergruppe, as well as artists like Max Beckmann who were not affliliated with any group.
In this work , I think it can inspire me in my illustration .This work like what we had learn before in life drawing class .

Comparing to this two work ,I think there drawing style was very similar .The shape of they draw was very near . They both use their way to make the five sense organs become more  characteristic .I like both of the artist work but I prefer Erich Heckel more .The reason of why I prefer him more , because I like things with color .I don’t like only black and white . Both of their work deserve me to study .



Conceptual and
Land Art:
Mid 1960’s onwards
Conceptual art, sometimes simply called conceptualism, is art in which the conceptor ideas involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns. Some works of conceptual art, sometimes called illustration, may be constructed by anyone simply by following a set of written instructions.
Conceptual Art is all about “ideas and meanings” rather than “works of art”


One and Three Chairs(1965)
Joseph Kosuth
An actual chair sits between a scale photograph of a chair and a printed definition of the word “chair.”One and Three Chairs makes people question what constitutes the “chair” – the physical object, the idea, the photograph, or a combination of all three.

An example of conceptual art, the piece consists of a chair, a photograph of the chair, and an enlarged dictionary definition of the word “chair”.The photograph depicts the chair as it is actually installed in the room, and thus the work changes each time it is installed in a new venue.Two elements of the work remain constant: a copy of a dictionary definition of the word “chair” and a diagram with instructions for installation. Both bear Kosuth’s signature. Under the instructions, the installer is to choose a chair, place it before a wall, and take a photograph of the chair. This photo is to be enlarged to the size of the actual chair and placed on the wall to the left of the chair. Finally, a blow-up of the copy of the dictionary definition is to be hung to the right of the chair, its upper edge aligned with that of the photograph.

In my opinions , I think conceptual art is hard to make people to understand what the artist really want to present .I even can’t really understand what Joseph want to tell from this photo . As I knew Conceptual is about “IDAES and MEANING”.I think I should focus on what the meaning is not what they had did .


Land art is art that is made directly in the landscape, sculpting the land itself into earthworks or making structures in the landscape using natural materials such as rocks or twigs.Land art, which is also known as earth art, was usually documented in artworks using photographs and maps which the artist could exhibit in a gallery.Land art is an artistic protest against the “perceived artificiality, plastic aesthetics and ruthless commercialization” of art in America in the late 1960s.

Spiral Jetty is an earthwork sculpture constructed in April 1970 that is considered to be the central work of American sculptor Robert Smithson. Smithson documented the construction of the sculpture in a 32-minute color film also titled Spiral Jetty.Built on the northeastern shore of the Great Salt Lake near Rozel Point inUtah entirely of mud, salt crystals, and basalt rocks, Spiral Jetty forms a 1,500-foot-long (460 m), 15-foot-wide (4.6 m) counterclockwise coil jutting from the shore of the lake.
This earthwork was really surprise me. I know its very difficult to create this kind of art work .It make me very admire doing land art artist .

This is my conceptual works . I want to present the ideas is life is hard , everyone live in fret away . But all the trouble will be work out in future . Don’t make everything too hard .Take it easy , have a breathe .

C&Cs 15-11-2016

Today we went to Norwich to visited Sainsbury Centre for research the Visual Arts .
we had visited three exhibitions , it was The Sainsbury Family Collection , Fiji- Art and Life in the Pacific and Masters of Japanese Photography(small entrance charge). By visiting the museum I had to find out the information and details about the museum and find out six objects that interest me .

Sainsbury centre for the Visual Art is an art gallery and museum basic on University of East Anglia , Norwich , England . The Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts building was opened in 1978. It was designed between 1974 and 1976 by the then relatively unknown architect Norman Foster .

Hope Leaving Schloss Schonagen 1934
Martin Bloch(1883-1954)
Oil on canvas
On long – term loan from the Martin Bloch Trust

Martin Bloch is an Anglo-German Expressionist painter. Born 17 November 1883 in Neisse, Silesia. First studied the violin, then architecture; finally art at Munich under Wölfflin 1905 and at Berlin under Corinth and George Mosson.
In this art work my first impressions was I feel like it was a little child to draw this painting but I like it very much .When the first time I saw this painting I don’t know the story of this picture but the material that he used really catch my eyes and I also like the color that he match together . After I read tittle of this work , I think this work want to present someone who want to leave Schloss in bravely , because I can see a person who jump off the Schloss . I think I will try to use what material that he has use in my future works .

artist ref:http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/martin-bloch-769
Three studies of a Seated Nude 1934
Mark Gertler (1891-1939)
Production place :England
Caryon on paper
Acquired 1946
UEA 26
Mark Gertler (9 December 1891 – 23 June 1939), born Marks Gertler, was a British painter of figure subjects, portraits and still-life.His early life and his relationship with Dora Carrington were the inspiration for Gilbert Cannan’s novel Mendel.The characters of Loerke in D. H. Lawrence’s Women in Love and Gombauld in Aldous Huxley’s Crome Yellow were based on him.
This work had shown three nude women .When I saw this work I though this is seems likes what we always do in life drawing .I like the line that the artist draw .I like the contrast in this work and the shadow comes out .I think the artist want to present when people happy their skin is in orange color ,when people always live in sad emotion .The color will be black .   His work inspire me that when I was doing life drawing , don’t always just think about how should I draw prefect . I should start thinking how can I use colour to present my work in prefect way .

Artist ref: Wikipedia introduce
Amedeo Modigliani(1884-1920)
Crayon and pencil
Robert and Lisa Sainsbury Collection
UEA 14
Amedeo Clemente Modigliani(12 July 1884 – 24 January 1920)was an Italian Jewish painter and sculptor who worked mainly in France . He died at age 35 in Paris of tubercular meningiti .
This art work show there is a nude women and I think the artist want to draw the outline by using circle shape . I enjoy looking artist using different material that I’m not used to use. He had use crayon draw the outline and use pencil to draw the inside .I think this works want to tells this is a lonely women without family .I think this is a said work.

Artist ref: Wikipedia introduce
Olmec Figure
Olmec style
c.1200-900 BC
Terracotta , cream slip , red pigment
Acquired 1978
UEA 697
This article on the Olmec figurine describes a number of archetypical figurines produced by the Formative Period inhabitants of Mesoamerica .These figurines are usually found in household refuse, in ancient construction fill, and (outside the Olmec heartland) in graves, although many Olmec-style figurines, particularly those labelled as Las Bocas- or Xochipola-style, were recovered by looters and are therefore without provenance.
I think this works was so natural .The shape was really real .The colour was very pure and warm .It feel like humorous and I think this work of the theme was telling about helplessness .

Artist ref: Wikipedia introduce
Four Figures 1987
Charles Maussion (1923-2010)
Production Place:France
Acrylic on paper
UEA 700
Charles Maussion was born in Nantes in 1923, came in Paris in 1946 and began mathematics and art history studies at the Sorbonne and at the Art Institute of Archaeology. His early work reveals his dedication to the rhythm, the number and the space. In 1956 he exhibits at Iris Clert and in 1958 at the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles in Paris with the Arnaud Gallery.
In his work ,I can just only saw four people in unclear face in black and white colour .I can only see the shape of the peoples .I don’t like this work a lot ,because I can understand what he want to present and I can see any interest point in this work .This work make me feels flustered but I think if this work change to bright colour style . i think the effect can come out more clear and easily .

Artist ref:http://galeriebernardbouche.com/en/artists?type=biography&artist=27

Two Figures (Pick-a-back)1977-1980
John Davies (b.1946)
Mixed media
Acquired 1980
UEA 782
John Davies was born in Cheshire in 1946. He studied painting at Hull and Manchester Collage of Art 1963–67, after which he spent two years at the Slade School of Fine Art , London. He was awarded a sculpture fellowship at Gloucester College of Art in 1989 and in the following year he won the Sainsbury award. John Davies currently lives and works in Kent and London.
For this work , my first feeling was very complex . Two men didn’t wear any top and one of the man carry the other man . This scene looks very poor .This work made me feel very impressionistic . I think this two persons look like the refugee during the would wall 2 and they take care each other to save their life . I think this is a sad present work .The color he has use is feel very cold and dark .I like this work ,cause it can make me feel this two statue was real and make me feel what their feelings.

C&CS 18-10-2016

Minimalism 1960s – late 1960s

We have learn what is minimalism . In my first though I think it should be something super clean not with many color .In my opinion I think it could be a kind of style as well . In the visual arts and music, minimalism is a style that uses pared-down design elements. Minimalism began in post The Second World War western and in American it was a new style of art

Bauhaus Design
Artist:Carl Ernst

 螢幕快照 2016-10-21 下午3.47.28.png
This is a minimal illustration . Is just a very simple illustration . Carl Ernst Hinkefuss was a popular Bauhaus illustrator known for modernist graphic design work that integrated art with commercial values. He did a great deal of advertising design for Hamburg Amerika oceanliners. Hinkefuss was also the editor of the design periodical.

Artist : Donald Judd
螢幕快照 2016-10-21 下午3.54.12.png
Donald Judd was an American artist associated with minimalism (a term he nonetheless stridently disavowed). In his work, Judd sought autonomy and clarity for the constructed object and the space created by it, ultimately achieving a rigorously democratic presentation without compositional hierarchy. It created an outpouring of seemingly effervescent works that defied the term “minimalism”. Nevertheless, he is generally considered the leading international exponent of “minimalism,” and its most important theoretician through such seminal writings as “Specific Objects”. His design look very quite .His work present out his emotion seems like he was very peace when his was doing his  design .

Minimalism , I think it is a very popular art style in nowadays .Many of the artist will you this style to crate there work in this way . Simple shape , clean background , using only few soft colour it really make the visiter to feel so comfortable . And I think minimalism is be partial to modern works ,such as furniture and poster .For me , I really like minimalism style .I am a simple person I think this kind of design could show people that the design have a good personality.

C&CS 11-10-2016

Pop Art  Mid 1950’s – early 1970’s
Pop art is now most associated with the work of New York artists of the early 1960s such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, James Rosenquist, and Claes Oldenburg, but artists who drew on popular imagery were part of an international phenomenon in various cities from the mid-1950s onwards. Following the popularity of the Abstract Expressionists, Pop’s reintroduction of identifiable imagery (drawn from mass media and popular culture) was a major shift for the direction of modernism. The subject matter became far from traditional “high art” themes of morality, mythology, and classic history; rather, Pop artists celebrated commonplace objects and people of everyday life, in this way seeking to elevate popular culture to the level of fine art. Perhaps owing to the incorporation of commercial images, Pop art has become one of the most recognizable styles of modern art.

Campbell’s Soup Cans (1962)
Artist: Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol , his work has use the same product but with the different name on the product to present his emotion on it . He had use his drawing skills and printing skills to create his design .I think what he had done is presenting things but his life style seems like what he see in supermarket what he feel in his life to help his design .

Whaam!, 1963, Tate Modern
Artist :Roy Lichtenstein
Roy Lichtenstein his work can make me feel pop . It made me feel have so many fantasy space . His design is come from “All American Men of War” published by DC comics in 1962 . It really attracted by the way highly emotional subject matter could be depicted using detached techniques.I really like this kind of design . Giving us a imagine space to think about what we can feel in his design and I think his design was really different between with the conservatives old guard .It really fit the nowadays teenage to reflect on .

This two artist , actually both of them was very pop style is really fit teenage taste .Their design was not boring , it was very interesting but I prefer more to Roy Lichtenstein. I like his design to giving the people to have their own though to the design .I think pop art was really related to modern .

C&CS 27-9-2016

Surrealist 1924 – 1966
Surrealism was an movement led by poet André Breton from 1924 through World War II . They were based in Paris . Influenced by the writings of Sigmund Freud & Dreams . Breton’s manifesto: “in a violent reaction against the impoverishment and sterility of thought processes that resulted from centuries of rationalism, we turned toward the marvelous and advocated it unconditionally.”A few of the artists were:- Jean (Hans) Arp, Joseph Cornell, Salvador Dalí, Max Ernst, Alberto Giacometti, René Magritte, Man Ray, Joan Miró, Yves Tanguy .

This is the work I had do on lesson . Based on Dada was influence on Surrealism . Dada can is mean nothing I can crate anything .Surrealist was like dreaming so matching with dada it was very inconceivable . I want to present something in my life days what I will see what I will feel in nowadays .

C&CS 20-9-2016

DaDa movement
Dada is nothing , it didn’t mean anything . All the things could be Dada . Dada began at Berlin , Germany who name Dr . Otto Bur chard . It emerged 
between 1916 to 1918 . It was nearly the end of The first World War .

Cabaret Voltaire was the name of a nightclub in Zürich, Switzerland . During World War I and among the many refugees coming to Zürich were artists from all over Europe. The Cabaret Voltaire. Under this name a group of young artists and writers has formed with the object of becoming a center for artistic entertainmen . In principle, the Cabaret will be run by artists, permanent guests, who, following their daily reunions, will give musical or literary performances. Young Zürich artists, of all tendencies, are invited to join us with suggestions and proposals. While the Dada movement was just beginning, by 1917 the excitement generated by the cabaret Voltaire had fizzled out and the artists moved on to other places in Zürich such as the Galerie Dada at Bahnhofstrasse 19, then later Paris and Berlin.

Fountain (1917)
Artist: Marcel Duchamp
Duchamp was the first artist to use a readymade and his choice of a urinal was guaranteed to challenge and offend even his fellow artists. There is little manipulation of the urinal by the artist other than to turn it upside-down and to sign it with a fictitious name. By removing the urinal from its everyday environment and placing it in an art context, Duchamp was questioning basic definitions of art as well as the role of the artist in creating it. With the title, Fountain, Duchamp made a tongue in cheek reference to both the purpose of the urinal as well to famous fountains designed by Renaissance and Baroque artists. In its path-breaking boldness the work has become iconic of the irreverence of the Dada movement towards both traditional artistic values and production techniques. Its influence on later twentieth century artists such as Jeff Koons, Robert Rauschenberg, Damien Hirst, and others is incalculable.
Urinal – Philadelphia Museum of Art

Artist : Kurt Schwitters
Kurt Hermann Eduard Karl Julius Schwitters (20 June 1887 – 8 January 1948) was a German artist who was born in Hanover, Germany.

Schwitters worked in several genres and media, including Dadaism, Constructivism, Surrealism, poetry, sound, painting, sculpture, graphic design, typography, and what came to be known as installation art. He is most famous for his collages, called Merz Pictures.

Das Undbild, 1919, Staatsgalerie Stuttgartdasundbild

As I siad , dada means nothing. Dada could be anything . In my opinion , I think both of the artist that I had did research I think both of their work was very different the information showing out is totally different .I can’t say which one is better , which one is more dada .I can just only say I prefer Marcel Duchamp work more .I think it look very simple very clean  .I can know what is the first information he want to present .