Conceptual and
Land Art:
Mid 1960’s onwards
Conceptual art, sometimes simply called conceptualism, is art in which the conceptor ideas involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns. Some works of conceptual art, sometimes called illustration, may be constructed by anyone simply by following a set of written instructions.
Conceptual Art is all about “ideas and meanings” rather than “works of art”


One and Three Chairs(1965)
Joseph Kosuth
An actual chair sits between a scale photograph of a chair and a printed definition of the word “chair.”One and Three Chairs makes people question what constitutes the “chair” – the physical object, the idea, the photograph, or a combination of all three.

An example of conceptual art, the piece consists of a chair, a photograph of the chair, and an enlarged dictionary definition of the word “chair”.The photograph depicts the chair as it is actually installed in the room, and thus the work changes each time it is installed in a new venue.Two elements of the work remain constant: a copy of a dictionary definition of the word “chair” and a diagram with instructions for installation. Both bear Kosuth’s signature. Under the instructions, the installer is to choose a chair, place it before a wall, and take a photograph of the chair. This photo is to be enlarged to the size of the actual chair and placed on the wall to the left of the chair. Finally, a blow-up of the copy of the dictionary definition is to be hung to the right of the chair, its upper edge aligned with that of the photograph.

In my opinions , I think conceptual art is hard to make people to understand what the artist really want to present .I even can’t really understand what Joseph want to tell from this photo . As I knew Conceptual is about “IDAES and MEANING”.I think I should focus on what the meaning is not what they had did .


Land art is art that is made directly in the landscape, sculpting the land itself into earthworks or making structures in the landscape using natural materials such as rocks or twigs.Land art, which is also known as earth art, was usually documented in artworks using photographs and maps which the artist could exhibit in a gallery.Land art is an artistic protest against the “perceived artificiality, plastic aesthetics and ruthless commercialization” of art in America in the late 1960s.

Spiral Jetty is an earthwork sculpture constructed in April 1970 that is considered to be the central work of American sculptor Robert Smithson. Smithson documented the construction of the sculpture in a 32-minute color film also titled Spiral Jetty.Built on the northeastern shore of the Great Salt Lake near Rozel Point inUtah entirely of mud, salt crystals, and basalt rocks, Spiral Jetty forms a 1,500-foot-long (460 m), 15-foot-wide (4.6 m) counterclockwise coil jutting from the shore of the lake.
This earthwork was really surprise me. I know its very difficult to create this kind of art work .It make me very admire doing land art artist .

This is my conceptual works . I want to present the ideas is life is hard , everyone live in fret away . But all the trouble will be work out in future . Don’t make everything too hard .Take it easy , have a breathe .


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